Pakistan Has More Nuclear Warheads Than India, Says SIPRI
According to the annual nuclear forces data by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Pakistan continues to be ahead of India when it comes to possessing nuclear warheads. It is believed to have 140-150 nuclear warheads in 2018, 10 more than 2017, in contrast, India is said to have 130-140 nuclear warheads. China having double the quantity when compared to India.
SIPRI added that 9 countries – the US, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea – had 14,465 nuclear warheads at the beginning of 2018, this marked a decrease from the approximately 14935 nuclear weapons that SIPRI estimated these states possessed at the beginning of 2017. The overall number of nuclear weapons has decreased mainly due to Russia and USA. But together still account for nearly 92% of all nuclear weapons.
SIRPI said, “The nuclear arsenals of the other nuclear-armed states are considerably smaller, but all are either developing or deploying new nuclear weapon systems or have announced their intention to do so. India and Pakistan are both expanding their nuclear weapon stockpiles as well as developing new land – sea- and air-based missile delivery systems. China continues to modernize its nuclear weapon delivery systems and is slowly increasing the size of its nuclear arsenal.“
Both Russia and the USA have long-term programmes underway to replace and modernize their nuclear weapon production facilities, despite making limited reductions to their nuclear forces. France with 300 warheads, China 280, Britain 215, Pakistan 140-150, India 130-140, Israel 80 and North Korea 10-20, were all either deploying or planning to deploy new nuclear weapons system.
The USA’s most recent Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) reaffirmed the modernization programmes and approved the development of new nuclear weapons. In 2017, North Korea continued to make technical progress in developing its nuclear weapon capabilities, including the test of what was claimed to be a thermonuclear weapon.
There were 63 multilateral peace operations active during 2017 – 25 operations were deployed in Africa, 18 in Europe, 9 in the Middle East, 6 in Asia and Oceania, and 5 in the Americas. Although the UN clearly remains the principal actor in peace operations. SIPRI warned that modernization of nuclear weapons continues despite a decline in the total number of nuclear warheads.